What Are the Riskiest Countries in the World?

World-wide webThe biggest risks a country faces that can turn an extreme natural event into a disaster: inadequate infrastructure and weak logistic chains, according to the recently released World Risk Report 2016.

The report looks at the role that infrastructure plays in shaping a country’s disaster risk, using an index that ranks 171 countries according to their risk of becoming a victim of a disaster as a result of natural hazards such as floods, cyclones, or earthquakes, as well as societal vulnerabilities. It looks for answers to these questions:

  • How likely is an extreme natural event, and will it affect people?
  • How vulnerable are people to natural hazards?
  • To what extent can societies cope with acute disasters?
  • Is a society taking preventive measures to face natural hazards to be reckoned with in the future?

As Peter Mucke, Project Director of the World Risk Report and Managing Director of Bündnis Entwicklung Hilft, explains:

When it comes to aid measures following extreme natural events, the challenges mostly lie in the ‘last mile’ of the logistics chain: organizing transportation despite destroyed streets or bridges and ensuring fair distribution when there is a shortage of for example water, food and shelter. Crumbling transport routes, unreliable electricity grids and dilapidated buildings not only hinder humanitarian aid from overseas, but also delay crucial aid for those affected in the event of a disaster.”

In addition, this report focusing on logistics and infrastructure, discusses the following topics:

  • Infrastructure as a risk factor
  • Opportunities and limits of information technologies in humanitarian logistics, and
  • Coordination and conflicts of interests in humanitarian logistics.

In this regard, the report’s researchers point to the importance of local humanitarian aid, as they are full familiar with local cultural situations and know who will most urgently require assistance.

The highest risk countries are listed as:

  1. Vanuatu
  2. Tonga
  3. Philippines
  4. Guatemala
  5. Bangladesh
  6. Solomon Islands
  7. Brunei Darussalam
  8. Costa Rica
  9. Cambodia
  10. Papua New Guinea

The ten lowest risk countries are:

  1. Sweden
  2. United Arab Emirates
  3. Kiribati
  4. Bahrain
  5. Iceland
  6. Grenada
  7. Barbados
  8. Saudi Arabia
  9. Malta
  10. Qatar

Click here to download the report in English or German.

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